Nga Tohu

In 1840 more than 500 chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi, New Zealand’s founding document. Ngā Tohu, when complete, will contain a biographical sketch of each signatory.


Signing

SignatureSheetSigned asProbable nameTribeHapūSigning Occasion
163Sheet 1 — The Waitangi SheetPaoraPāora Tūhaere?/Pāora Te Putu?Ngāti Whātua?/Ngāti Tamaterā?, Te Patukirikiri?, Ngāti Whanaunga?Karaka Bay 4 March 1840

Pāora signed the Treaty of Waitangi on 4 March 1840 at Karaka Bay, Tāmaki (Auckland).

Historian Claudia Orange has suggested that this may have been Pāora Tūhaere, a Ngāti Whātua chief who was born around 1825.

Āpirana Ngata, on the other hand, believed it may have been Pāora Te Putu, a Hauraki chief of Ngāti Tamaterā, Te Patukirikiri and Ngāti Whanaunga. Most of those who signed on 4 March were Hauraki chiefs.

Pāora Te Putu owned three trading ships. He and his people grew crops and sent them to the Auckland market.

In 1852 a group of Ngāti Porou from Harataunga (Kennedy Bay) asked Te Putu for some land in Hauraki: ‘Tētahi wāhi whenua hei tūranga mō ō rātou waewae.’ The request was accompanied by a mere pounamu (greenstone club) named Whaita and other gifts. Te Putu agreed to give the land.

Te Kahukoti sang the following lament for Pāora Te Putu at his uhunga (funeral):

Kaore te po nei te mauru te hau,
Te tahuritanga ake ki te kopaenga whare;
Tahuna mai e tama ki te ahi taraiti;
Ka muri aroha au, te tonga o te ra,
Te rerenga ki te rua, mawai ano e tapapa?
Whakaopeope ai te rere mai o te ao;
Mawai au e kawe nga tumu kei Otaki?
Te kakau tango rua nahau nei e Puke.
Kei te muri koe Pene, nana rawa i tuatahi.
Nana rawa i tuapeka ki te iti i ahau;
He inumanga Rama i haurangi ai au.[1]

Te Putu died on 1 June 1861.


Read a brief biography on NZHistory
Read a full biography on Te Ara Biographies

If you have more information about this treaty signatory please add a community contribution below or contact us at webqueries@mch.govt.nz.

How to cite this page

'Pāora Tūhaere? Pāora Te Putu?', URL: https://nzhistory.govt.nz/politics/treaty/signatory/1-163, (Ministry for Culture and Heritage), updated 17-Jun-2016

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